2019 Report of the FABLE Consortium

Land-use and food systems are key components outlined in the Sustainable Development Goals and the Paris Agreement. These include food security and healthy diets for all, decent rural livelihoods, keeping the rise in average global temperatures to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels, halting and reversing the loss of biodiversity, ensuring sustainable water use, and containing the pollution of water and air, including through excessive use of fertilizers. The intricacies of international trade add to an already complex issue as countries also need to consider the trade and spillover effects of their food and land-use systems on other countries.

The FABLE Consortium seeks to understand how a long-term pathway to transforming the food and land-use systems in every country can be designed in order to meet these targets. As governments worldwide set out to plan their development strategies in line with the Paris Agreement, this knowledge can help support this discussion as well as guide short-term measures working towards these targets.

The FABLE Consortium pursues three objectives:

  1. Capacity development and sharing of best practice for data management and modelling of the three pillars; efficient and resilient agriculture systems, conservation and restoration of biodiversity, and food security and healthy diets.
  2. Development of mid-century national pathways that can collectively achieve shared global targets and have consistent trade assumptions.
  3. Analysis of national policy options and support to national and international policy processes.

The FABLE Consortium has issued a first report. Over the coming years, members will improve data systems, analytical tools, and analyses of policy options for land-use and food systems. With other parts of the Food and Land-Use Coalition, we work with interested governments to help improve policies and to develop long-term transformation strategies, including low-emission development strategies required under the Paris Agreement.



The Food, Agriculture, Biodiversity, Land-Use, and Energy (FABLE) Consortium is convened as part of the Food and Land-Use Coalition (FOLU). It aims to understand how countries can transition towards sustainable land-use and food systems. In particular, we ask how countries can collectively meet associated Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the objectives of the Paris Agreement.

FABLE comprises 19 country teams, which develop data and modelling infrastructure to promote ambitious, integrated strategies towards sustainable land-use and food systems. Countries participating in the FABLE Consortium are: Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Colombia, Ethiopia, European Union, Finland, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mexico, Russian Federation, Rwanda, South Africa, Sweden, United Kingdom and United States.

FABLE is led by the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) and the UN Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN), working closely with EAT, the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK), and many other institutions.

The Malaysian country team to the FABLE consortium comprised of researchers, Jasmin Irisha Jim Ilham and Low Wai Sern of the Jeffrey Sachs Center on Sustainable Development.

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